In 1996, following a mass influx, the City of Tuzla built a settlement of about 220 housing units for persons in need or that have been displaced. Created with the help of the Norwegian People’s Aid, the settlement gradually fell into disrepair until it was closed in 2021. It was supposed to be a temporary solution given the war or early post-war circumstances. There was a dire need for a better solution for the families living in inhumane conditions.
Bosnia and Herzegovina did not have a regulated field of social housing. The City of Tuzla first became familiar with non-profit social housing through the implementation of a project in cooperation with the humanitarian organization Hilswerk Austria, when 22 housing units were built in two locations, SI Selo and Kiseljak.
Non-profit-social housing is the organised provision of housing of a certain standard to families that for various, primarily economic, social, and other reasons, are not able to solve their housing problem independently. This was the driving motive for drafting the document “Non-Profit Social Housing Strategy”. In 2015, the City of Tuzla appointed a Working Team that, with the expert assistance of the Catholic Relief Services (CRS), initiated and drafted the NSS Strategy Draft Document, which was adopted by the City Council in 2016.
Accordingly, in the following period, the City of Tuzla signed an agreement for two projects with the support of the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) and the Regional Housing Programme (RSP) for the construction of 156 apartments, under the CEB II Project, and 54 apartments under the RSP Project, which is a total of 210 housing units.
Apart from Tuzla, the CEB II Project and the RSP Project have been implemented in other municipalities of both the Canton and the Federation. These projects have proven to be valuable and efficient, with a possibility of implementation in other areas and with other municipalities and cities.
The projects have brought benefits to the local communities in which the buildings were built, in the form of additional space provided for an ambulance, trade activities, administrative activities, and a nursery.
State, federal and cantonal levels of government have provided funds for the construction of residential and commercial buildings, as well as new projects for other cities.
Innovation was created through the very model of social housing, where housing in collective housing units is brought closer to people who have been unable to access adequate and affordable housing. A significant number of tenants were unemployed and financially vulnerable, but with the subsidy provided by the City of Tuzla and Tuzla Canton, they manage to pay the expenses arising from the use of housing units.
The City of Tuzla managed to provide social and economic assistance to several families who have moved into these buildings by supporting them with the purchase of beekeeping equipment, chainsaws, excavators, computers, as well as professional training and additional training for individual users.
Together with CRS, the City developed projects for economic support and decent housing for the beneficiaries of all projects. The necessary preconditions for integration were created so that families now feel responsible for the property of the city.
Most tenants find employment by accepting jobs that they can do with their education degree, and by expressing their needs for social protection and the use of social rights.