Bologna is an attractive European city, rich in diversity and designed for people. Rental prices in Bologna are among the highest in Italy and this has a great impact on resident families. In 2018, the Municipality of Bologna – through its managing body, ACER- started a complex activity of retrofitting and achieving energy efficiency of the buildings of the public housing complex Via Gandusio no. 6-8-10-12. Over the decades, this settlement, in addition to normal physical deterioration, has experienced phenomena of increasing social conflict. This is partly due to an excessive concentration of situations of fragility in the same context, with negative repercussions on the housing quality and liveability of the entire neighbourhood system.
The process involved the refurbishment of the façades with thermal insulation; better maintenance of the balconies, roofing, atriums and stairwells; improvement of the maintenance of the electrical and gas system; replacement of fixtures; installation of heat meters.
An integrated project was needed to provide not only a physical but above all social regeneration, to restore the dignity of living and positive relationships between people in the Via Gandusio.The challenge was to transform one of the city’s most critical public housing areas into a place of social innovation, with an experimental project that could also be replicated. Villaggio Gandusio aims to be a place integrated into the neighbourhood, where the quality of living and social inclusion are expressed in the sustainability of the social mix and in shared projects of aggregation and solidarity. To achieve this goal, a coaching was necessary and social mediation, to ensure a good coexistence among residents.
These measures took place with the help of social mediation activities of the social cooperative, an open group, and a constant presence and coordination by the institutions. The social mix was also enriched by an agreement with Er.go (Regional Authority for the Right to Higher Education) that granted apartments to benefit low-income university students who have engaged in a community care project, helping residents’ children with after-school activities.
160 housing units plus some spaces for associations were involved in the transformation process. Following the project:
In a large part of neighbourhoods with public housingin Bologna, apartments were assigned according to a criterion of social mix allowing the creation of a lively and diversified community, in compliance with the rules in force. Through the work of social mediators, this methodology built up a sense of positive belonging to the community, empowered residents, fostered care and respect for common goods, and favoured the consolidation of self-help networks between neighbours.
The idea of havinglow-income university students being involved in the collaboration project with residents’ children, has strengthened the social mix and the change of image of Via Gandusio from a conflictual and run-down area into one of civic participation and collaboration between residents and public institutions. This is a project intended to be repeated in other large social housing areas in the city.